Casodex contains the generic ingredient bicalutamide, which is a medication used to treat advanced prostate cancer.
Doctors prescribe Casodex for use in combination therapy with other drugs to treat metastatic prostate cancer (cancer that started in the prostate and has spread to other parts of the body).
Casodex works by preventing testosterone from binding to the androgen receptors on the prostate cancer cells. Casodex starves prostate cancer cells of testosterone, which prevents them from growing. Eventually the prostate tumour will shrink.
The usual adult dose is 50mg daily taken orally. Swallow the tablet whole with a drink of water. Try to take your dose at the same time each day.
These may not be all the side effects of Casodex 50mg.
If you have localized prostate cancer, do not use this medication. Casodex should not be used by women or children. Do not use this medication if you are allergic to any of its ingredients.
Before you take Casodex, let your doctor know if you have liver disease, low bone mineral density, lung disease, heart disease or low red blood cell count.
It is best to keep your tablets in the container they came in. Do not use your tablets after the expiry date on the container. Keep your tablets in a safe place where children cannot see or reach them. Your tablets could harm them. Keep your tablets at room temperature (15 to 30°C).
The prostate gland is found only in males and is part of the reproductive system. Normally the size of a walnut around the urethra (the tube from the bladder to the outside), the prostate gland can enlarge to the size of a plum in patients with prostate problems. If it grows too big, the prostate can interfere with urine flow. Prostate cancer is a malignant tumour that begins in the cells of the prostate gland. Once the tumour enlarges, symptoms appear such as the need to urinate often especially at night, interrupted urine stream and a feeling that the bladder is not completely empty. The doctor may perform a blood test to measure the levels of a prostate-specific protein in the blood (PSA) as well as a digital rectal exam. There are four categories to describe the condition of a prostate tumour. T1 means that the doctor cannot feel the tumour or see it with imaging devices. T2 means that the tumour is only in the prostate and your doctor can feel the cancer with a digital rectal exam. If the tumour is described as T3, the cancer may have spread into the seminal vesicles. If the cancer has spread further into tissues like the rectum or bladder, it is described as T4. There are N categories, which are used to describe the spread of cancer to nearby lymph nodes. As well, there are M categories to describe whether the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body such as the bones.
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