The name contraceptives is often used in regards to devices and medicines used in the prevention of unwanted pregnancy. They consist of one or more female sex hormones (synthetic) usually estrogen and progesterone. When used in combination they are called combined oral contraceptives (COC), those containing only progestin are termed progestin-only contraceptives (POP). They prevent pregnancy by altering the normal process of ovulation that is the process by which an egg is released from the ovary for fertilization, causes the lining of the uterus to be unable to support fertilization.
This group of medications (contraceptives) are available as oral contraceptives (tablets), implants, intrauterine devices, patches, vaginal rings, injections for parental administration in various brands and generics.
Other methods of contraception include: condoms, sponges, diaphragms, spermicides, and cervical caps.
There are several types of contraceptives hormonal and non-hormonal (that is contraceptives methods that do not required the release of hormones). The most popular and frequently used are oral contraceptives.
Oral contraceptives: these are pills taken by women on a daily basis, these pills contain different ratios of the hormones estrogen and progestin.
Used in the prevention of unwanted pregnancy.
NOTE: Oral contraceptives DO NOT protect against sexually transmittable infections.
All oral contraceptives require a prescription from the doctor. Some of the oral contraceptives obtained with a doctor’s prescription are:
Some of the side effects involved with the use of contraceptives may include the following:
The use of any contraceptive method is contraindicated in any one who is hypersensitive to any of the active ingredients or any ingredients used in the formulation.