Xeloda tablets contain the generic ingredient capecitabine, which is a type of chemotherapy medicine for cancer known as a cytotoxic antimetabolite.
Doctors prescribe Xeloda to treat patients who have stage III colon cancer following complete surgical removal of the cancer. Xeloda is used to treat advanced or metastatic breast cancer, which means the cancer has spread outside the breast. Doctors also prescribe this medication to treat colorectal cancer that has spread outside of the colon or rectum.
Xeloda works by interfering with the growth of cells that rapidly divide in the body, including cancer cells, which results in the death of these cells.
The usual dose of Xeloda depends on your size and your doctor will calculate the appropriate dose for you. Xeloda is taken orally twice per day. Swallow the tablets whole with water within 30 minutes after breakfast and dinner. Xeloda is taken in 21-day cycles. This means you take Xeloda for 14 days and then stop taking it for seven days. It is important to have this rest period. Your doctor will decide how many cycles of treatment you will need.
These may not be all the side effects of Xeloda 150mg.
Do not take this medication if you are allergic to capecitabine or any of the non-medicinal ingredients. You should not take Xeloda if you have severe kidney disease or your body does not have the enzyme DPD (dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase).
Before taking Xeloda, tell your doctor if you are taking warfarin or phenytoin. Let your doctor know if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant.
Keep out of reach of children. Store at room temperature (15°C to 30°C or 59°F to 86°F) in the original labelled container or package.
The colon and rectum are part of the large intestine. The colon absorbs water and nutrients and passes waste to the rectum. Almost all cancers of the large intestine and rectum (colorectal) are adenocarcinomas, which develop from the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. As the cancer grows, it spreads to the wall of the intestine or rectum. Nearby lymph nodes also may be invaded. Since blood from the wall of the intestine and much of the rectum is carried to the liver, colorectal cancer usually spreads (metastasizes) to the liver soon after spreading to nearby lymph nodes. The possible risk factors for colorectal cancer are diets that are high in animal protein, high in saturated fats, low in dietary fibre, high in calories and high in alcohol consumption. Women who have had breast, ovary and uterus cancers are at higher risk for developing colorectal cancer. Also, the risk increases with age. Symptoms may include diarrhea, constipation, blood in the feces, pains in the abdomen, bloating or unexplained iron deficiency in men or in women after the menopause.
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